Bibliography and links:

I rarely cite works that are not freely available on the web (expensive and often unavailable dead tree works) as these are of limited value to the casual fan and independent researcher. While ways around academic paywalls, both legal (contact the alumni association of your old university) or dodgy exist, works that are “open access” do better to advance knowledge. It is also my hope that these works’ authors will reap greater recognition from this  approach, then by indenturing their works to paywalled journals.

Consider registering as an independent researcher at . I used my blog nym and often an author will send you a copy of their paywalled paper if you request one. makes this process easy. Links to papers on their site require registration to read and download.

Also note: I only go through past posts twice a year to add in the new stuff I have found. More links might show up in recent posts.

.GENSHIKEN (and Spotted Flower):  now defunct  Most chapter discussions excised (from Brazil, use Xlate)

The two main English Kio Shimoku interviews on the Genshiken:

A Japanese interview with Kio Shimoku on Spotted Flower and early influences.
Translate plug-ins work well enough.
Part 1: 2015/05/25
Part 2: 2015/05/30

An interview with Kio Shimoku in METROPOLIS Magazine, now unavailable on the web is rumored to exist but supposedly centers on neighborhood spaces and walking, rather than any series he authored.

The Japanese Wikipedia entry for him:木尾士目

Typical fan responses:

From the Manga Fox aggregator site’s comment section on Genshiken Nidaime:

Another aggregator site’s main comment section on Genshiken Nidaime:
Batato is now defunct. Fortunately, The Archive saved pages so the comment section remains, though it takes a while to load. Try your luck:

“HATOZINE” An anthology of Hato-themed fan-fiction (guess who snuck in too!)


The last violence we impose upon the queer of our straight imaginations
is the burden of our hopes

On Yuri:

Okazu “The world’s oldest and most comprehensive blog on lesbian-themed Japanese cartoons, comics and related media”

Erica Friedman’s weariness with the yuri genre Story A:
“40 Years of the Same Damn Story, Pt.1”
“40 Years of the Same Damn Story, Part 2”

The Friedman Addendum to the Bechdel Test

Erica Friedman’s Yuricon /ALC publishing Essays page. Updates frequently:

Erica Friedman’s “By Your Side: The First 100 Years of Yuri Anime and Manga“, her long-awaited Yuri history project is now available! The benchmark work on the genre:
Book cover Illustration of "By Your Side: The First 100 Years of Yuri Anime and Manga" by Erica Friedman

The Structure of Yuri_ the Shift from Female to Male Audiences” by Kylaran: Behind The Nihon Review, February 15th, 2010

“Beautiful and Innocent; Female Same-Sex Intimacy in the Japanese Yuri Genre”
PhD Dissertation by Verena Maser . 27.9.2013 Universität Trier
This is required reading from now on. Excellent historical summary, Extremely useful and interesting fan survey research that also touches on other libidinised CJVC genres.

On the depiction of love between girls across cultures: Comparing the U.S. American webcomic YU+ME: dream and the yuri manga “Maria-sama ga miteru” ” by Verena Maser. International Manga Research Center, Kyoto Seika University.

“Finding the  Power of the Erotic in Japanese Yuri Manga”  by Sarah Thea Arruda Wellington, MA thesis, University of British Columbia (Vancouver) August 2015

“The Sexual and Textual Politics of Japanese Lesbian Comics, Reading Romantic and Erotic Yuri Narratives” by Kazumi Nagaike

Thoughts on the Representation of Yuri Fandom in Kurata Uso’s Yuri danshi” by James Welker. Originally appeared as James Welker, “Kurata Uso Yuri danshi ni arawasareta yuri fandamu no sugata ni tsuite no ichi kōsatsu,” Yurīka 45, no. 15 (December 2014): 148–54. Translated (roughly) by the author.

On BL and Yaoi:

What is Fujoshi? web site at :
“These resources were compiled to provide a hub of legitimate sources for the benefit of Anglophone (English-speaking) fan research and education. Asian sources (BL companies, BL scholars, etc.) and professional global academic resources are prioritized. Resources here include information about Queer History, Women’s history topics that correlate with BL, Fujoshi, Fudanshi, Geikomi, Boys Love, Danmei, Yaoi, and the ethics of consuming fictional media and behavioral studies.”
Their BL Resources section is amazingly thorough and up-to-date, far more so than this bibliography. Highly recommended:

An introduction to the BL Resources web site above from the Fujo Con 2022 Panel “Studying the Western Fujoshi and BL”, hosted by Aeri Norwood & Sam Aburime:
“Sam Aburime and Aeri Norwood take you on a scholars’ journey of the Western Fujoshi. There’s been a rising trend as of late, the anti-Fujoshi, bringing into focus the need for more nuanced studies of BL and the Fujin who partake in it. Sam and Aeri will discuss and ruminate over your questions regarding these intriguing changes to the known Western Fujoshi habitat.”

An extensive reading list/ bibliography on BL and Yaoi:
“Yaoi and Boys’ Love (BL) Manga Studies Reading List” by Anne Lee 

Probably the best I have found so far on the Japanese fujoshi experience:
Akiko Mizoguchi: “Reading and Living Yaoi – Male-Male Fantasy Narratives as Women’s Sexual Subculture in Japan” University of Rochester PhD thesis 2008

By the same author, an update of sorts – Akiko Mizoguchi:
Theorizing comics/manga genre as a productive forum: yaoi and beyond”

This later shows up in a chapter of a FREE BOOK ON MANGA STUDIES (!!!) “Comics Worlds and the World of Comics: Towards Scholarship on a Global Scale (series Global Manga Studies, vol. 1″ from the The Kyoto Seika University International Manga Research Center, . Get it here

TBA: The English version of Dr Mizoguchi’s 2015  “What is going on in BL now?” Machine translation from Amazon Japan listing:

…Which is possibly an English recap of her 2015 “BL shinkaron : bōizu rabu ga shakai o ugokasu” (Theorizing BL as a transformative genre: boys’ love moves the world forward) , Akiko Mizoguchi.  Ōta Shuppan (pub), 2015

Dr. Mizoguchi has a series of interviews with notable authors/ philosophers/ BL fans on on 2chopo, a LGBT portal site in Japanese. Links migrate but a stable snapshot can be accessed via The Archive at:
In Japanese, Google Translate works well enough.

Yaoi: Redrawing Male Love” (2003) by Mark McHarry has a quick roundup of historical reference to same-sex desire in Japan, along with its early  survey of the yaoi genre. Note also the footnotes at the end of the essay and appendix, see:

“Boy’s Love: a dynamic expression of sexuality” by Taylor Drew, on the Japan Subculture Research Center blog, (May 13, 2019) 

“An introduction to “Boys Love” in Japan” by Mark McLelland and James Welker. Intro Chapter to “Boys love manga and beyond : history, culture, and community in Japan” edited by Mark McLelland, Kazumi Nagaike, Katsuhiko Suganuma, and James Welker.

“Why are Japanese Girls’ Comics full of Boys Bonking?”  by Mark McLelland

“Girls and Women Getting Out of Hand” 
by Rachel Matt Thorn,
Archived at:

Updated with 2003 links fixed to sources at her collection:

Authoritative version on her blog, a link to the download-able pdf:

Her blog: Now defunct. Archived version:

Her Blog, freshly revived:

Her page:

Elegant Caucasians, Amorous Arabs, and Invisible Others: Signs and Images of Foreigners in Japanese BL Manga” by Kazumi Nagaike

“Japanese women writers watch a boy being beaten by his father:
Male homosexual fantasies, female sexuality and desire” by Kazumi Nagaike, PhD thesis (Asian Studies, University of British Columbia, 2004):
Later expanded into the book: Fantasies of Cross-Dressing: Japanese Women Write Male-Male Erotica, see Google books excerpts and description:

An editorial summary of the contents of Vol 12 (2013) of the online Transformative Works and Cultures Journal; “Transnational boys’ love fan studies” by Kazumi Nagaike and Katsuhiko Suganuma, at:

“Do Heterosexual Men Dream of Homosexual Men?: BL Fudanshi and Discourse on Male Feminization” by Kazumi Nagaike pp. 189-209 IN: Boys Love Manga and Beyond History, Culture, and Community in Japan, edited by Mark McLelland, Kazumi Nagaike, Katsuhiko Suganuma, and James Welker (2015) Citation:
Excerpt at: id=QAIbBwAAQBAJ&pg=PT235&lpg=189#v=onepage&q&f=false
This one is locked down. The Google Books excerpt seems to indicate that the actual study of Fudanshi was done by a japanese aca-fan in 2008-2009. Approximately %20 of the respondents identify as “straight” or “asexual”; which would mean they comprise appx. %2 of all BL readers. Nagaike seems to impose a reading of “herbivore men” on the practice and -to my mind, distressingly- follows up on Saito Tamaki’s excursion into shota, which she does not significantly differentiate from the otokonoko/jousou  genre from.

The referenced study by the Japanese Aca-fan:  “Fudanshi ni kiku” [Talking with fudanshi] by Yoshimoto, Taimatsu. 2008. Self-published.
The 2009 follow-up study lists Tagame Gengoroh as co-author.
See also:
For both studies, sample sizes ran to 100-110 respondents.

“Fujoshi: Fantasy Play and Transgressive Intimacy among “Rotten Girls” in Contemporary Japan”
by Patrick W. Galbraith,  JSTOR: Signs, Vol. 37, No. 1 (Autumn 2011), pp. 211-232 (somehow not locked down in Jstor – grab it before they change their mind)

“Moe: Exploring Virtual Potential in Post-Millennial Japan” by Patrick W. Galbraith

Lolicon: The Reality of ‘Virtual Child Pornography’ in Japan”  by Patrick W. Galbraith, Image & Narrative, Vol 12, No1 (2011) PPS 105-106

“An Interview with Patrick W. Galbraith on Otaku Culture – Part One” on, Parts 2 and 3 follow. 

Idols and Celebrity in Japanese Media Culture”, has its intro chapter available for perusal, see: “Introduction: The Mirror of Idols and Celebrity” by Patrick W. Galbraith and Jason G. Karlin

Read about the nasty origins of Madarame’s 2D-forever complex for yourself, in:
“Otaku Research and Anxiety About Failed Men”
 by Patrick W. Galbraith from the upcoming anthology: Debating Otaku in Contemporary Japan: Historical Perspectives and New Horizons (Soas Studies in Modern and Contemporary Japan) Hardcover – July 16, 2015 by Patrick W. Galbraith (Editor), Thiam Huat Kam (Editor), Björn-Ole Kamm (Editor), Christopher Gerteis (Series Editor) should not be missed. Article available here:

A full translation of the mocking 1983 article by Nakamori Akio, tranlated by Matthew ALT, April 2, 2008, on Neojaponisme: 

On The Iconic Difference between Couple Characters in Boys Love Manga
by Febriani Sihombing, Image & Narrative, Vol 12, No1 (2011) 152-153.

A very interesting bibliography on primary Japanese fujoshi studies: “On BL manga research in Japanese” by Jessica Bauwens-Sugimoto

An except of one of the early influential works mentioned therein:
Owlectomy’s fan-translation of part of Yukari Fujimoto’s
Where Do I Belong? The Shape Of the Heart As Reflected in Shoujo Manga
Blog post on Owlectomy (6/4/11)

Per tag search []
the rest of chapter 1:





“The possibilities of research on fujoshi in Japan
” by Midori Suzuki.
Translated by  Nele Noppe: 

“Essay Review of Three Issues of the Japanese Literary magazine,
Yuriika (Eureka)” by Tomoko Aoyama
“These three volumes are essential readings for anyone interested in BL, yaoi, and girl culture in contemporary Japan. They are also very useful and interesting for students and researchers of broader gender studies and Japanese popular culture and many other fields even though readers unfamiliar with the terms, genres and broader socio-cultural context may have some difficulties. “

On the response (or lack thereof) of Japanese fans to criticism that yaoi is antigay discrimination” by Akiko Hori, in Transformative Works and Cultures, Vol 12 (2013)

“BL (Boys’ Love) Literacy: Subversion, Resuscitation, and Transformation of the (Father’s) Text” by Tomoko Aoyama, 2012, Jōsai International Center for the Promotion of Art and Science, Jōsai University. Published in the U.S.-Japan Women’s Journal, Number 43, 2013, pp. 63-84 (Article), University of Hawai’i Press.

“The love that poisons: Japanese parody and the new literacy” by Tomoko Aoyama. Japan Forum, 1994 – Taylor & Francis.

More Aoyama, a bibliography:

“The Female Gaze in Contemporary Japanese Literature” 
by Kathryn Hemmann, PhD Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania 2013

“Queering the media mix: The female gaze in Japanese fan comics” by Kathryn Hemmann

“Everybody’s Fujoshi Girlfriend”,
 Neojaponism (blog post June 4, 2009)  

“Gay manga” in Japanese Gay Men’s Life Stories: Bara, BL and the Problem of Genre”,
  A slideshow by Thomas Baudinette.

“Japanese gay men’s attitudes towards ‘gay manga’ and the problem of genre” by Thomas Baudinette.

On “types” in current Japanese gay male dating conventions:
Constructing identities on a Japanese gay dating site: Hunkiness, cuteness and the desire for heteronormative masculinity” by Thomas Baudinette.
Proof Copy from published work in: Journal of Language and Sexuality
Vol. 6:2 (2017),  pp. 232–261

On the Ni-Chome: “The spatialisation of desire in a Japanese gay district through signage” by Thomas Baudinette.
Excerpted from ‘ACME: An International Journal for Critical Geographies‘, 2017

On Gei-Komi, Bara and BL; styles, genres, distinctions and histories Otaku Champloo‘s Dr. Khursten in conversation with Thomas Baudinette



Here is Dr. Baudinette on “fetishization” with a good summary on the evolution of BL,
doing a really cool interview for The Yaoi Shelf with Amanda and Carola:

His profile page on  


Better than Romance – Japanese BL Manga and the subgenre of male/male romantic fiction” by Dru Pagliassotti ch4: in;
Boy’s Love Manga: Essays on the Sexual Ambiguity and Cross-Cultural Fandom of the Genre“, edited by Antonia Levi, Mark McHarry and Dru Pagliasotti (2010). Preliminary discussion of the survey efforts that were used in the chapter can be found here:”Reading Boys’ Love in the West“, Particip@tions Volume 5, Issue 2 Special Edition (November 2008)
Survey responses used to be available at the now-defunct Yaoi Research wiki site, now archived at;
Half the responses are lost, the other half saved here: “Is there anything else you want to say about boy’s love manga, its fans, or why you like it?

Her “Yaoi Timeline: Spread Through U.S.

Her AND bibliography pages (ca 2010):

Yaoi bibliography (scholarly) From Yaoi Research (ca 2010)

Yaoi Popular Bibliography From Yaoi Research (ca 2010)

Nearby, yet far away:

An Introduction to Korean Manhwa
(originally published by on 6 Feb 2004 under the pseudonym “Amarythia”) by Casey Brienza
also at:

[Note: see below for MJJ’s Aestheticism articles on ]

Boys’ Love and Female Friendships: The Subculture of Yaoi as a Social Bond between Women” (2008) by Amy Ann O’Brien. Anthropology Theses. Paper 28.

“The Homoerotic Requirement’ by Lori Hitchcock Morimoto in her blog ‘Some of us are looking at the stars” points out a key POV shift in Japanese reception of the “Potter-verse” as opposed to that of Western slash fans. In simple terms, western fen-written slash fanfiction sees Hogwarts as a private high school. Japanese fen see ‘The Heart of Thomas’ and a long tradition of fantasy European boarding schools settings for pining and bullied bishie boys.

“Appropriating Yaoi and Boys Love in the Philippines; Conflict, Resistance and Imaginations Through and Beyond Japan” by Tricia Abigail Santos Fermin

A summary of a conference on libinization in manga:
“LESSONS FROM MANGA FUTURES” (November 10, 2014)

Since the earliest days of Western Star Trek K/S Slash, fen have practiced the secret, occult rituals of vidding. I never really came across any examples. Then lookie what falls into my clutches. At first glance it appears to be an AMV (fan-created Anime Music Video) ; a harmless, humorous juxtaposition of music (Suzie McNeil – Stay) and craftily edited video clips from an anime. Pay it no mind. And I am positive that Japanese fujoshi would never never do anything like this:

“Genshiken | MadaHato | Stay” by 0megaBigBang


Much of the inspiration for the theory-crunching in this blog derives from my readings of the 2011 English translation of “Sento bishojo no seishinbunseki” (戦闘美少女の精神分析 / Psychoanalysis of Beautiful Fighting Girl) by Dr. Saito Tamaki (2000), translated to English in 2011 as: “Beautiful Fighting Girl” Unfortunately, it is not open access. You will have to buy or borrow it.
About the author:

A quick intro to Saito Tamaki’s Beautiful Fighting Girl:
“Otaku for Queer Theory and Media Theory” by Michael Moon

J. Keith Vincent’s Introduction to his (and Dawn Lawson’s ) 2011 translation of Saito Tamaki’s landmark work; Beautiful Fighting Girl: “Making it Real: Fiction, Desire, and the Queerness of the Beautiful Fighting Girl” (from a gender studies perspective: exceptionally well written and a must before reading the full work.) Available at:

Rio Otomo‘s writings at
Notable so far:
“A Girl with her Writing Machine: Amebic by Kanehara Hitomi”

“Politics of Utopia: Fantasy, Pornography, and Boys Love”

(not Otaku-related but extremely useful: ) “Mishima Yukio’s Sex which is not One”

“Anime Creativity Characters and Premises in the Quest for Cool Japan” by Ian Condry

Proto-Otaku, Proto-Fujoshi: The 1990’s:

Volker Grassmuck:

“I’m Alone, but Not Lonely: Japanese otaku-Kids Colonize the Realm of Information and Media” (1999). Dates from when the definition of “Otaku” had yet to “gel” to the manga/anime/game nerds we think of when we hear the term today.

Mirrored here:

“Man, Nation & Machine The Otaku Answer to Pressing Problems of the Media Society” (2000)
now at

His publications, indexed:

Both essays are highly conversational and impressionistic, with too much bubble economy and Gibson references but they have been widely cited as early materials in what would become “otaku studies”.

Jean-Jacques Beineix’s (Diva, etc.) ridiculous 1994 2hr and 40 minute video: ” ‘Otaku’ Le Cinema du Reel” (Otaku, The Cinema of the Real)
Does at least contain archival 1993 Comiket footage.

Quick history run-through on early Shoujo and derivatives: “When a non-manga about shoujo manga is more interesting than a shoujo manga“, Post on the blog MANGA TALK?(Feb 20, 2014)

“The Peach Girl Views: Appropriating the Gaze” by Tomoko Aoyama.
On the history of the Shoujo. Archived at:

Gender Ambiguity and Liberation of Female Sexual Desire in Fantasy Spaces of Shojo Manga and the Shojo Subculture” by Maana Sasaki, Critical Theory and Social Justice / Journal of Undergraduate Research / Occidental College, Iss. 1 Vol. 2

FEH YES, VINTAGE MANGA  A blog with Covers, art-work, etc, on Tumblr:

More web archeology, a research Bibliography list ca. 2002
( is your friend for dead links):

Japanese Subculture in the 1990s: Otaku and the Amateur Manga Movement” by Sharon Kinsella, Journal of Japanese Studies, Vol. 24, No. 2 (Summer, 1998), pp. 289-316
An oft-quoted old standard in the genre. Lots of folks have quibbles with it, and it is pure 1990’s but still worth a look:

Who’s to judge Tezuka’s rivals?” (June 15, 2017)
Considerations on early Shoujo manga by R.M.Thorn

Manga from the 1900’s on:

What is Manga? An aca-blog with exceptional in-depth historical research.

Visual Kei and Idol fandom:

Interview with an ex-Visual Kei record executive” at the Tokyo Damage Report blog  []  and the follow up: “visual kei fallout” post. []

Idols and Celebrity in Japanese Media Culture”, has its intro chapter available for perusal, see: “Introduction: The Mirror of Idols and Celebrity” by Patrick W. Galbraith and Jason G. Karlin

Lolita Fashion culture:

Girliness Next to Godliness: Lolita Fandom as Sacred Criminality in the Novels of Takemoto Novala” by Brian Bergstrom, in  Mechademia 6: User Enhanced (2011)
[ ]

Transcultural Flow of Demure Aesthetics: Examining Cultural Globalisation through Gothic & Lolita Fashion” []

Being Alice in Japan: performing a cute, ‘girlish’ revolt
(You really need to reg up an account, it’s a free and easy way to sneak around a few academic pay-walls)
and the executive summaries:
A Gentle Kind of Revolt: Cute (Kawaii) Fashion and Japanese Music-video Appropriations of ‘Alice” 
[ ]
Lace Dress of Liberty: (Re)appraising Decorative Femininity through Kamikaze Girls“
[ ]

Shōjo Manga Research: The Legacy of Women Critics and Their Gender-Based Approach”  []

On Cosplay:

“Impersonating and performing queer sexuality in the cosplay zone” by Katrien Jacobs, The Chinese University, Hong Kong

“Gender, Sexuality, and Cosplay: A Case Study of Male-to-Female Crossplay” by Rachel Leng

An accomplished japanese Cosplayer who also blogs on Otaku/ fujoshi terms

Virtual Cosplay on Twitter, web forum identities, etc:

Playing with Identity: Fan Role Playing on Twitter” by Zakia Jeewa

“Bound princes and monogamy warnings: Harry Potter, slash, and queer performance in LiveJournal communities” by Darlene Hampton

On Slash, Romance and Porn:

“One True Pairing: The Romance of Pornography and the Pornography of Romance”, by Catherine Driscoll: Chapter 2 of “Fan Fiction and Fan Communities in the Age of the Internet: New Essays” Karen Hellekson and Kristina Busse, Editors (2006) (Summary

Redactionary Global Modernism: Kisses in Imperial Japan“, Jonathan E. Abel: (2014)

Packaging desires, The unmentionables of Japanese film“, a history of pantsu-shots/ panchira, by  Jonathan E. Abel, chapter 13 in “Perversion and Modern Japan: Psychoanalysis, Literature, Culture”, Nina Cornyetz, J. Keith Vincent, eds, (2010)

Guys getting all bothered too:

“Male Otaku Paraphilia” (MARCH 24, 2016) by ZEROREQ011 on THEREFORE IT IS Blog

“When a “male” reads shōjo manga” by ITŌ Kimio
(trans. Miyake Toshio)

Various forum-gates and male fans:

I’m not “that creepy guy from the Internet”: How Gamergate gave the geek community a bad name – I’ve been that bitter, lonely gamer looking for someone to blame. And I’m devastated that it’s come to this” (Oct 30, 2014) by Arthur Chu, SALON

On Fan work:

How much money do doujinshi creators actually make? Some statistics from Comiket by Nele Noppe

Nele Noppe /  unjapanologist ‘s blog: 

Nele Noppe’s doctoral thesis on “The cultural economy of fanwork in Japan: dōjinshi exchange as a hybrid economy of open source cultural goods” (2014)

Ongoing update of the work in wiki format here:

Transformative Works and Cultures; an international, peer-reviewed journal published by the Organization for Transformative Works. TWC publishes articles about transformative works, broadly conceived; articles about media studies; and articles about the fan community.

TWC is one of the projects of The Organization for Transformative Works (OTW); a nonprofit organization run by and for fans to provide access to and preserve the history of fanworks and fan cultures.Their best-known project:

The Archive of Our Own (AO3) is a noncommercial and nonprofit central hosting site for transformative fanworks such as fanfiction, fanart, fan videos and podfic. The Archive is a wholly fan-created and fan-run space, where fannish creativity can benefit from the OTW’s advocacy in articulating the case for its legality and social value.

I like the mirror thing:

“The Great Mirror of Fandom: Reflections of (and on) Otaku and Fujoshi in Anime and Manga” by Clarissa Graffeo, MA English Thesis, 2014
Note that we both reach the mirror conceit via slightly different paths. Mine is a play on Jimbo’s The Mirror of Production, while hers feels like it draws upon: Fans:The Mirror of Consumption by Cornel Sandvoss, (which I must one day hunt down), as well as 18thC Japanese survey-works naming traditions.


LGBTQ+  in Japan; 20thC, misc.– 

“The Discourse on “Love Between Men” in Interwar Japan: Iwata’s History of Homosexuality” by Brad Borovitz

The Process of Divergence between ‘Men who Love Men’ and ‘Feminised Men’ in Postwar Japanese Media” by Ishida Hitoshi and Murakami Takanori, translated by Wim Lunsing

“My Queer Career: Coming Out as a ‘Researcher’ in Japan” by Sharon Chalmers, March 2002, Intersections.

“Telling Her Story: Narrating a Japanese Lesbian Community” by James Welker

Maki Muraki, the leader of nonprofit organization Nijiiro Diversity, which promotes workplace equality for LGBT people in Japan, on lesbian representation in J-drama.
The things we do are not about sex. We face a lot of difficulties in our life, for example in the workplace. To be told that the image of us is one of sex doesn’t make me happy.

A machine translation of an interview with Muraki-san:

And a presentation on workplace diversity policies in Japan that she worked on:

“The Role of the ‘tōjisha’ in Current Debates about Sexual Minority Rights in Japan” by Mark McLelland in Japanese Studies, Volume 29, Issue 2, 2009 pps 193-207

“Flower Tribes and Female Desire: Complicating Early Female Consumption of Male Homosexuality in Shōjo Manga” by James Welker, Mechademia  Volume 6, 2011
pp. 211-228 | 10.1353/mec.2011.0007 (paywalled -MUSE)

How Does Japan Treat Gay People?’ Quora Answer by Erica Friedman reprinted in Slate.

Coming out in Japan A survey of attitudes among university students” by Robert Ó’Móchain

Out Gays” or “Shameless Gays”? What Gets Lost, and What is Gained, when U.S. Queer Theory is Translated into Japanese?” video of lecture by J. Keith Vincent at:

“Death of the “Legendary Okama” Togo Ken: challenging commonsense lifestyles in postwar Japan” by Mark J. McLelland

“JAPAN: Discrimination against Lesbians, Bisexual Women and Transgender Persons; A Shadow Report”, May 2009

“Japan LGBT group files human rights complaint in bid for same-sex marriages”  by Tomohiro Osaki. Japan Times, 2015, 07/07

“The Stonewall Transgender Guide to Japan, Section 6: Trans-Pacific:
Differences between Japan and the West

Human Rights Watch report on LGBT in Japanese schools: “The Nail That Sticks Out Gets Hammered Down — LGBT Bullying and Exclusion in Japanese Schools” (May 6, 2016)

The summary of the report in manga format:

LGBTQ+ info for outlander English teachers and other Japan neophytes:

Takurei’s Room: LGBT experiences, resources and news from Japan

Read before you write about LGBT politics in Japan
by Masaki C. Matsumoto, (blog post May 1, 2013)

Masaki C. Matsumoto’s blog:

Interview on Anime Feminist:

Masaki C. Matsumoto’s Tumblr resource page: “Rad Queers Speaking English For You”

Blog post launching page with mission descriptors: “New Tumblr Project: Rad-queers Speaking English For You” by Masaki C. Matsumoto (blog post: May 12, 2014)

“Rethinking Japanese Feminisms” – Julia C. Bullock, Ayako Kano, James Welker Eds.
Open access –  University of Hawai’i Press (2018).
Essays by Julia C. Bullock, Elyssa Faison, Sarah Frederick, Barbara Hartley,
Kathryn Hemmann, Ayako Kano, Hillary Maxson, Chris McMorran, Akwi Seo,
J. Keith Vincent, James Welker, Leslie Winston and Tomomi Yamaguchi

“Queer desire in Japanese TV series” – Jasmin Rückert
Open access: pre-print of article for the Vienna Journal of East Asian Studies (21 Oct 2019) DOI: 10.2478/vjeas-2019-0001$002fvjeas$002fahead-of-print$002farticle-10.2478-vjeas-2019-0001.xml

On transgendered folks, (real world vs CJVC representation):
(follow links, a wayback machine scrape will yield all sort of early stuff)

Transsexual Identities in Manga” by Kori Michele. (Posted on January 16, 2012) A good typology of real feeling and fake-ish transexual-ness in Manga:

“Revealing and Concealing Identities: Cross-Dressing in Anime and Manga, Part 5” by Lea.

“Transsexual stands proud in a land of conformity” Sydney Morning Herald, May 3 2003 Profile of Aya Kamikawa, Japanese politician, activist and trans woman

“What I Love About Haruhi Fujioka” by Erin in the Gagging on Sexism blog:

The well-noted PBS Frontline look at transgender teens in the USA: “Growing Up Trans“;

“The Australian Trans and Gender Diverse Sexual Health Survey — Learning about the sexual and romantic lives of trans and gender diverse people:” Kirby Institute for Infection and Immunity in Society, University of New South Wales, Sydney.(2018)
Full report:

Bogi “Takács PERSON, 100% migráncs @bogiperson” posts occasional Twitter threads with tips on trans representation in writing. Their intro:

“I both edit and review a lot of trans-related fiction. I edited Transcendent 2: The Year’s Best Transgender Speculative Fiction 2016 (#Lammys winner) and the upcoming Transcendent 3 too. :)”

So far they have covered

  • Writing thread! Introducing trans and/or intersex characters – some common and less common pitfalls!
  • Worldbuilding thread! Some pitfalls related to shapeshifting, gender, and trans people.
  • Worldbuilding thread! How (not) to include trans people as background characters – some common mistakes.

Threads archived at: [ ]

“The “deception” that the straight male subjectivity fears is not present upon the body of the otokonoko but within the emotional complexity of interaction”

On the fantastic representation of trans/crossdressing characters as fetish;
The Japanese josou/ otokonoko genre essays by Jaren L / erodatabaseanimal from the defunct Girl Cartoons blog:

“Josou, a discussion – Part 1: Josou, fetishism and gender identity”

Josou, a discussion – Part 2: What is the appeal of pontificating on the appeal of traps?

Josou, a discussion – Part 3: Josou Sanmyaku and the otokonoko’s will to power”

Josou, a discussion – Part 4: Otokonoko as surrogate victim

Josou, a discussion – Part 5: Boku no Pico as progenitor of the otokonoko”

The Japanese Wikipedia entry for “Otokonoko” is surprisingly detailed, if not completely amenable to machine translation:男の娘

Are Otaku and Fujoshi/ Fudanshi more progressive towards minority sexualities and gender expressions? 
Otaku Culture and Its Discontents” A Record of Talk Delivered at “The Colloquium in Visual and Cultural Studies” by Takahiro Ueda, (October 17, 2007, University of Rochester)

The classic Laura Mulvey Male Gaze piece: 
Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema” (1975)
[] and [] and: []

On losing the lead role: 
“What to do when you’re not the hero any more” by Laurie Penny, The New Statesman

Japanese women’s executives and their after-work culture:

License to drink’: White-collar female workers and Japan’s urban night space
by Swee-Lin Ho, National University of Singapore (2015)

Another from the same researcher, which further examines friendship among businesswomen has an edge; “Tokyo at 10: establishing difference through the friendship networks of women executives in Japan“, Swee-Lin Ho (2012)

Profile and links to other journal articles by Dr. Swee-Lin Ho:

Stop using queer folk as disposable characters to spice up your lame story: 
“I Don’t Want Your Queer Tragedy: A Parable” (MARCH 25, 2016) by Merc Rustadin

Why Jason Rothenberg’s apology fell flat with The 100’s fans and the real lessons to learn” (Sun, Mar 27, 2016 8:43am) by Dany Roth

Herbivore Men: 
An important primary source for the Japanese popular discourse on “Herbivore Men”, ca 2005. Now translated and open source on the author’s web site:
Confessions of a Frigid Man: A Philosopher’s Journey into the Hidden Layers of Men’s Sexuality” by Masahiro Morioka‏

Why Japanese copyright case-law makes for all those vague references to real-life people and brands:
How Yukio Mishima messed it up for everybody:

Real-life Japanese High School Blues: 
The Making of Japan’s New Working Class: “Freeters” and the Progression From Middle School to the Labor Marketby David H. Slater

Fun stuff:

“Even a monkey can understand fan activism: Political speech, artistic expression, and a public for the Japanese dôjin community” by Alex Leavitt and Andrea Horbinski

The HelloDamage blog goes on a fine tear: “The mother of all Japanthropology posts” (2013)

Their Walls are Built of Cannon Balls: Nothing to do with Genshiken, gender, sexuality or manga, anime, games or anything but obsessive hobby-horsing. This New York Times photographic history essay remains an all-time high water mark for obsessive weirdness. You must read it. Note as well the comments sections. Then burn incense to your gods that you never becomes as possessed as this – or that you do:
Which Came First, the Chicken or the Egg? (Part One)” by Errol Morris (Sept 25, 2007)
The New York Times.

Notable manga: (xdress x fujoshi) (fujoshi – advanced research, due to confusing proliferation of spin-offs.)
Watashi ga Motete Dousunda (yuri, fujoshi, reverse harem)
(Correspondent and guest essayist Asandyrabbit argues convincingly that the mangaka, a self-professed fujoshi herself, includes some of the most realistic representations of fujoshi fanning-out/ practice ever put into a manga)
Girl Saurus/ Girl Saurus X
(harem, some fujoshi – notable for the yaoi/fujoshi attack chapter ‘fermented saurus’ ) (yuri) (yuri)

Usotsuki Lily (xdress comedy)
Tripeace (xdress action comedy -no english wiki entry, use xlate)

More Academics –  social studies, etc. around Japan:

Tokyo Scum Brigade

Tokyo Damage Report:

The Pay Sucks:

“An Industry Awaiting Reform: The Social Origins and Economics of Manga and Animation in Postwar Japan” by Oguma Eiji, Translation by Yokota Kayoko

See also selected works on the Asia Pacific Journal Japan Focus

A review of his signature works on the changing nature of Japanese Nationalism, pre- and post- WWII collected in the English A Genealogy of “Japanese” Self-Images. (2002)
Oguma Eiji and the Construction of the Modern Japanese National Identity” by David Askew


“The Potter of Bones” by Eleanor Arnason, (because I have a weakness for Lesbian -furry- sci-fi with hidden barbs at theological bigots) Now only a preview.
Full version via the wayback machine:

“The Sirens and Feminine Jouissance” by Renata Salecl, in “differences Volume 9, Number 1” at

For a really interesting view of property ‘law”/ rights from a feminist perspective that whacks Hegel and all manner of Lacanishness together for fun and insight. See:
The Vestal and the Fasces: Hegel, Lacan, Property, and the Feminine” by Jeanne L. Schroeder,  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.

“With or Without Lacan? Becoming-Woman between the Language of Organs and the Anorganism of Language” by Stevie Schmiedel In: “theory@buffalo issue 8: deleuze and feminism” [2003] Barish Ali and Alla Ivanchikova, eds.
Get the whole issue-‎

In the same journal: “The Female Spectator’s Laughter: Anti-Oedipus to Free Female Spectatorship” by Ilaria Serra.

Another summary article: “Becomings and Goings and Something Called Woman”  has a good roundup of feminist theory responses to the Deleuze /Guattari “becoming woman” thing. I note that film theory folks in particular seem to have a real strong taste for this stuff. The multiple shifting points of view in film lend themselves to the fracture/ expansion of subjectivities. See:

Through Western Eyes:
(4 chan’s Yuri board CAUTION: often extreme content) (4 chan’s Yaoi board CAUTION: often extreme content)

A bunch of western rotten girls self-define in a wiki format page:
( Guys and girls, why do women like yaoi?)
(re: comment section, physical labor = hunky guy. high status = Bishie)

“Bringing Smexy Back: Fangirl Production, AMVs, and Transgressive Sexuality” by Elizabeth Birmingham

An early, much referred to “primer” for newbie western rotten girls – a typology of how sex works in a yaoi sex scene:  “That Japanese BL Scene Page
blog now defunct, see the backup at:

The Aestheticism archives and others:

…which turns out just to be a reworking of this earlier article at the long defunct Aestheticism fan site, “Yaoi Field Guide (what comes of reading too many djs and BBGs)” archived here:

More by the same correspondent:

ca 2000: “10 things she do like about Yaoi” (excellent!)

A reply: “The Top Ten Things I Hate About Yaoi Fandom

All of noted ca 2000 era blogger Mary Jeanne Johnson‘s writings on the site:

The current whereabouts of alias M.J.Johnson are unknown; she stopped posting after 2003-4 and vanished. One suggestion is that she moved to Tokyo and became an editor.

Another argument for Comiket being fen driven: “Aniparo to Yaoi (Animation parody and Yaoi) by Mari Nishimura” Reviewed by EmiA

2008 vintage bibliography on western fujoshi fanning over y/bl: “Meandering thoughts: The Fujoshi” by dcal (January 15, 2008)

from 2002, on the growing popularity of the genre, an essay by M. J. Johnson:
A Brief History of Yaoi

M. J. Johnson interviewed about her early fan translations:

The entire May 2002 issue (and much more!) of Sequential Tart is available through their archived issues:
from there Google site search operators can help you waste hours doing early fan archeology ie:

“Guys on Guys for Girls, Yaoi and Shounen Ai”
by Dani Fletcher. Sequential Tart, May 2002

“Yaoi Roundup” by Dani Fletcher. Sequential Tart, May 2002

“Online Yaoi Resources” by April Gutierrez, Sequential Tart, May 2002

“Yaoi and Anime Conventions” by April Gutierrez, Sequential Tart, May 2002

The Yaoi Fangirl Way of Knowledge, Part 1: My Girlfriend’s a Geek vs. Fujoshi Rumi
by Margaret O’Connell (June 21, 2010)

The famous essay by “Audrey Lemon”: “How Slash Saved Me

“YOUR MOTHER IS A FUJOSHI!” essay on the blog Reverse Thieves (December 22, 2008)

On appropriating shonen manga:

Translation of a Chinese rotten girl’s thoughts on jump circa 2006-7
Shonen Jump and Yaoi/BL Fans, Part 1” (2006-08-24)

Shonen Jump and Yaoi/BL Fans, Part 2” (2007-01-01)

From Khursten Santos at Otaku Champloo on Shonen Jump, part of a 4-part series:
A history of the fujoshi love affair with Jump” (January 12, 2008)

Fan Survey and Research Initiatives:

FANSPLAINING’S [] surveys []

The Fandom Tropes Survey:
“More than 7,500 fanfiction readers filled out the Fansplaining Fic Preferences Survey. What can we learn from the results?”

“Summary: Five Tropes Fanfic Readers Love (And One They Hate)”

Discussion on Tumblr:

The Definitions Survey:
” In spring 2017, we held a major survey of individuals’ definitions of the word “fanfiction” (as well as several other topics). Preliminary results:

International Anime Research Project []
Past results:

THREE PATCH Fandom and Sexuality Survey
I never relayed  a call for this one; just recently heard of it, but it an interesting take on western-anglo fandoms (Sherlock, etc)
Main page:

Going back through this blog, I see that 2 other surveys posted here failed to report their findings in an “open” format. From now on, If you want a mention of your survey call, you better promise to release the findings in an open, available format.

How to survive Comiket:

Nele Noppe’s  ca. 2011 tips on how to navigate comiket:

Comiket report, part 1_ The basics, the catalog, and keeping things fannish

Comiket report, part 2_ Finding the way, fun with crowds and queues, and Snape-spotting

The (free) Online Catalog. Start here, engage web translator:

A shout-out to this 2008 guide to ‘Ket. At least it has a useful map:
Ticktank’s English Guide to Comiket (コミケット) Part 3: Navigation

Dōjin Circle Numbers Reveal Top Series at Comiket 89
posted on 2015-12-28 14:45 EST by Lynzee Loveridge, Anime News Network.

Based on material from this Japanese blog:
and this one:
I tried to investigate the secondary creation popularity of Comiket and pixiv (Comic Market 89)” :

‘Interview: The Making of Comiket, World’s Largest Comic Event’
By Kevin W in Kaori Nusantara / The Indonesian Anime Times (August 23, 2017)

How to score Takarazuka Revue tickets when in Tokyo:

Buy official Taka Tix online in English for the tokyo stage


Limited SRO tickets for each show; works by pre-registered que number and even those sell on yahoo. However: hanging around the ticket office during a matinee might be your last chance to see a show, standing, leaning up against a railing at the very topmost aisle of the top balcony.

Emergency testosterone restoration:
Diggy Diggy Hole – 10 Hours [1080p]” A fan-created song based on Minecraft lore: